MBA Research
Not-for-profit, research-based support for all Business Administration educators: entrepreneurship, finance, hospitality, management/administration, and marketing.

Formative (instructional)

Formative testing typically refers to “practice” tests or pre-tests used to help both students and teachers understand what learning has occurred.  Formative testing is generally not used for grading purposes, but to provide guidance to the teacher to help with pacing, review, and in preparation for “summative” testing.  Most of our assessment tools can be used effectively for formative testing.